Yes – from Dracula…
Renfield’s Syndrome is the neurological compulsion to drink blood. The disease has only been named for the past ~20 years (since 1992), but it could have existed for hundreds of years before. This could explain why learned physicians such as William Tebb in the early 20th century and the monk Augustin Calmet of the 18th century, both reported cases of people drinking blood from the necks of victims.
Perhaps not oddly at all, Renfield’s Syndrome was named after the character Renfield in Bram Stoker’s Dracula.
More information on this disease can be found at http://www.wisegeek.org/what-is-renfields-syndrome.htm.